The World Stroke Day, celebrated on 29 October, is an annual opportunity for the organizations who are concerned about stroke patients, to create an awareness and build commitment to reduce the burden of a stroke at global, regional and local level. This day emphasizes on the high build strokes and creates awareness about the treatment and preventions of the stroke and to ensure a better life for the patients. This event was started in 2006 by WSO (World Stroke Organisation) and declared stroke as a public health emergency.
WHAT IS STROKE?
Stroke has been and continues to be a widespread disease worldwide. Stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain gets interrupted or severely reduced, which damages the brain cells. This deprives the brain tissues of oxygen and nutrients and the brain cells can immediately die.Depending on the part of the brain which is affected, the person can be treated with the stroke. A Stroke is a medical emergency and needs to be treated promptly.Stroke is the leading cause of death and disability and can happen to anyone of any age. Stroke affects around 15 million people worldwide each year, in which around 5 million die and other 6 million are left permanently disabled.
The symptoms of Stroke depends upon the part on which it has affected but the common symptoms of stroke are:
- Trouble with speaking and understanding.
- Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm or leg
- Trouble with seeing in one or both eyes
- Trouble with walking
- Memory Loss
- Muscle Stiffness
- Involuntary eye movements
- Behavioural changes
- Difficulty in Swallowing
- Emotional problems
Anybody can have a stroke but there are various risk factors when you can have stroke. A family history of stroke and people over age 65 account for two-thirds of all strokes. The risk factors for a person to get a stroke are:
- high blood pressure
- high cholesterol
- cardiovascular disease
- certain blood disorders
- autoimmune diseases
Also the behavior that risks your life for a stroke are:
- physical inactivity
- alcohol abuse
- drug use, such as cocaine, heroin, and amphetamines
Stroke occurs when any of the blood vessel bursts or their is an interruption in the blood supply to the brain. It can be of two types : ischemic stroke (when their is blocked artery) and hemorrhagic stroke (leaking or bursting of a blood vessel).
Knowing your stroke risk factors, you can recommend. your doctor and adopt a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent a stroke. Stroke prevention strategies includes:
- Controlling high blood pressure (hypertension).
- Lowering the amount of cholesterol and saturated fat in your diet
- Quitting tobacco use
- Controlling diabetes
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables
- Exercising regularly
- Avoiding illicit drugs
- Use of Anti-platelet drugs and Anticoagulants
- Stop smoking and avoid second-hand exposure
- Get educated about stroke
World Stroke Day is a focal point to coordinate awareness among the people who are either a stroke patient or can risk their life with stroke.On this day, organizations facilitate campaigns in order to aware the people about the initiatives that can be taken to improve the health condition of stroke patients.