WORLD POLIO DAY
World Polio Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.
Poliomyelitis(Polio) is a highly contagious disease caused by polio-virus that attacks the nervous system. This disease mainly affects the young children. The virus is transmitted by person-to-person and spreads mainly through the faecal-oral route or, less frequently, by a common vehicle and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis. In about 0.5 percent of cases there is muscle weakness resulting in an inability to move.
Polio can be transmitted through contaminated water and food or direct contact with the person infected by polio. People carrying the polio-virus can spread the virus for weeks in their feces.
The initial symptoms of Polio are flu-like that can include fever, fatigue, headache, sore throat and for paralytic polio there are more severe symptoms that include loss of reflexes, severe muscle pains , weakness, sudden paralysis, deformed limbs etc. There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented by immunization.
The most common supportive treatments for polio are:
- bed rest
- antispasmodic drugs to relax muscles
- antibiotics for urinary tract infections
- portable ventilators to help with breathing
- physical therapy or corrective braces to help with walking
- heating pads or warm towels to ease muscle aches and spasms
- physical therapy to treat pain in the affected muscles
- physical therapy to address breathing and pulmonary problems
- pulmonary rehabilitation to increase lung endurance
The Polio Vaccination was developed in 1953 and made available in 1957.There are two types of vaccine that protect against polio: inactivated polio-virus vaccine (IPV) and oral polio-virus vaccine (OPV). IPV is given as an injection in the leg or arm, depending on the patient’s age. Polio vaccine may be given at the same time as other vaccines. Most people should get polio vaccine when they are children. Children get 4 doses of IPV at these ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months, and a booster dose at 4-6 years.
The World Polio Day is an annual opportunity to aware the people about the polio vaccines through campaigns and reduce polio patients.The eradication of polio can save at least $40–50 billion over the next 20 years.Overall, cases of polio have dropped by 99 percent. Many countries have been certified polio-free, the virus is still active in a few countries that haven’t started immunization campaigns. According to WHO, even one confirmed case of polio puts children in all countries at risk. WHO has bring together many international experts in the specific fields to develop and revise various vaccines. Radix Healthcare has taken a major initiative for curing polio.