STAMMERING also known as STUTTERING, is a disorder of speech in humans in which a person struggles to get words out while talking. A person suffering from this generally repeats a line or hesitates while speaking some words. Commonly it involves repetition of words or sounds, getting in conversation without any sound or put extra sound in words. Such people usually loose eye contact while talking.
TYPES OF STAMMERS:
1. Some people stammer saliently. They can speak a line very clearly in a moment and the other moment, the next line can be difficult for them.
2.Some people stammer too frequently. Repetition of words or silent stammering occurs so many times. Such people lack confidence, they have stage fear, they talk less and are introvert.
FACTS ON STAMMERING :
- Stuttering affects more boys than girls. About 80% of stammers are male.
- In some cases, stuttering blocks the sound of person (silent blocking).
- For such treatments, person will consult a speech-language pathologist.
- Sometimes, a stutter can be the result of a head injury.
WHY STAMMERING OCCURS?
Researchers seems to suggest various factors leads to stammering like :
1. Differences in brain and its anatomy & function of different persons as compared to people who do not stutter.
2. Due to family genes (genetic extention). Stammering can be inherited from the family members who are already stammer.
3. Issue of being introvert can lead to lack of confidence. In such conditions people have a deep psychological impact which leads to a regular habit of stuttering.
WHEN YOU SHOULD BE WORRIED ?
Parents must visit to the doctors when :
1. The child has the continuity of stuttering over 6 months.
2. When the stuttering is very intermittent.
3. When it is persistent after the age of 5 years .
4. When the facial & the upper body part is tightened.
5. When the child suffers from schoolwork, mental trauma & public fear.
1. Speech therapy : The patient can go for Speech therapy, preferably the one who is specialized in this. Your doctor can refer you, or you can get in touch with a therapist yourself. The therapy may be on an individual basis, or may be in a group. If you already had speech therapy and feel that you were not helped, try again because therapy may have changed with time.
2. Echo earpiece : Some stammerers find they can sing along with others, and that their stammer is not as bad when they are with a lot of people all talking together in the same room. To reproduce this effect, an earpiece has been developed that sends out an echo of the user’s voice. It helps to ‘unblock’ the impediment to speech.
3. Don’t hope for medication to cure the problem : Don’t be dependent on the drugs because many studies have shown that drug treatment does not help.
There is no magical treatment for stuttering. We can just say that sooner the treatment is at its early age, faster the recovery is. Whereas for adults, practise of speech & language therapy can make some differences.