WHAT ARE VARICOSE VEINS?
Varicose Veins, also known as varicosities, occurs when veins turn out dilated, enlarged and overfilled with blood. They are swollen and twisted veins which can be seen just under the skin. Varicosities are generally bluish-purple or red colored and most commonly affect the legs or feet. That’s because standing and walking upright increases the pressure in the veins of your lower body. Although they can be painful and disfiguring, they are usually harmless.
For some people varicose veins are just cosmetic concern, but for some they can cause aching pain and discomfort. Sometimes varicose veins lead to more-serious problems. Varicose Veins are mostly common among women. Women are at least twice as likely as men to develop them. Around 25 percent of all adults have varicose veins. In most cases, varicose veins appear on the lower legs.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Many people do not have any physical symptoms of Varicose Veins but they may, however, have concerns over the cosmetic appearance of the varicose veins. Signs and symptoms of varicose veins includes:
- Veins turn into bluish-purple color.
- Veins appear twisted and bulging.
Other painful signs and symptoms of Varicose Veins are:
- An achy or heavy feeling in your legs
- Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling in your lower legs
- Worsened pain after sitting or standing for a long time
- Itching around one or more of your veins
- Bleeding from varicose veins
- A painful cord in the vein with red discoloration of the skin
- Color changes, hardening of the vein, inflammation of the skin
To help circulate oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to all parts of the body, your arteries have thick layers of muscle or elastic tissue. To push blood back to your heart, your veins rely mainly on surrounding muscles and a network of one-way valves. As blood flows through a vein, the cup-like valves alternately open to allow blood through, then close to prevent back flow.
In Varicose Veins, the valves do not work properly — allowing blood to pool in the vein and making it difficult for the muscles to push the blood “uphill.” This increases the venous pressure and the likelihood of congestion while causing the vein to bulge and twist. The causes of Varicose Veins can be :
- Age: As you get older, your veins can lose elasticity. Blood pools in your veins, and your veins enlarge and become varicose. The veins appear blue because they contain de-oxygenated blood.
- Pregnancy: Some pregnant women develop varicose veins. Pregnancy increases the volume of blood in your body, but decreases the flow of blood from your legs to your pelvis.
Complications of Varicose Veins are very rare, but some of them are:
- Blood Clot
There are various treatments of varicose veins which exactly depend on the size and location of Varicose Veins and the presence of signs and symptoms. Some treatments may include:
- leg elevation while sitting or sleeping,
- compression dressings with single or multilayered systems,
- compression stockings,
- sclerotherapy (injection of a liquid or foam into the vein to form a clot and permanently destroy the vessel),
- ablation (destruction) of abnormal veins with techniques using laser, radiofrequency or other modalities
- surgery (removal of the varicose veins, including “phlebectomy” or vein stripping).
There are various diagnostic tests recommended by the doctor in order to detect the type of varicose veins. The following diagnostic tests are sometimes ordered:
- Doppler test: An ultrasound scan to check the direction of blood flow in the veins. This test also checks for blood clots or obstructions in the veins.
- Color duplex ultrasound scan: This provides color images of the structure of veins, which helps the doctor identify any abnormalities. It can also measure the speed of blood flow.
There are no definite prevention of Varicose Veins, but improving your circulation and muscle tone can reduce your risk of developing varicose veins or getting additional ones. Some measures that can be taken in order to prevent Varicose Veins are:
- Watching your weight
- Eating a high-fiber, low-salt diet
- Avoiding high heels and tight hosiery
- Elevating your legs
- Changing your sitting or standing position regularly
RELATED: Also know about Thalassemia.
So, its time to take care of yourself when you know what is good or bad for you. Consult the best vascular surgeon in the city to be free from Varicose Veins. You can get an appointment at Radix Healthcare, to be served by the best equipments for your treatment of Varicose Veins.