Seizures are change in brain’s electrical activity. They are symptoms of a brain problem. They happen because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain. It can cause changes in your behavior, movements or feelings, and in levels of consciousness. If you have two or more seizures or a tendency to have recurrent seizures, you have epilepsy.
TYPES OF SEIZURES
Based on the type of behavior and brain activity, seizures are divided into two broad categories: generalized and partial.
- Partial Seizures: These seizures can occur if you have epilepsy, which is a condition that causes repeated seizures. This type of seizure happens on only one side of the brain. As a result, one side of the body is affected during a seizure. Other names for partial seizures include focal, Jacksonian, and temporal lobe seizures. Its sub types are:
1. Focal seizures with impaired awareness
2. Focal seizures without loss of consciousness
- Generalized Seizures: Seizures that appear to involve all areas of the brain are called generalized seizures. Generalized seizures include grand mal or tonic-clonic seizures, which can occur if you have epilepsy.
Common sub types of Generalized Seizures include:
1. Absence Seizures
2. Tonic Seizures
3. Atonic Seizures
4. Clonic Seizures
5. Myoclonic Seizures
6. Tonic Clonic Seizures
SYMPTOMS OF SEIZURES
With a seizure, signs and symptoms can range from mild to severe and vary depending on the type of seizure. Seizure signs and symptoms may include:
- Temporary confusion
- A staring spell
- Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
- Loss of consciousness or awareness
- Cognitive or emotional symptoms, such as fear, anxiety
CAUSES OF SEIZURES
There are many things that can affect the brain and lead to seizure which includes:
- alcohol withdrawal
- a brain infection, such as meningitis
- a brain injury during childbirth
- a brain defect present at birth
- drug abuse
- drug withdrawal
- an electrolyte imbalance
- electric shock
- extremely high blood pressure
- a fever
- head trauma
- kidney or liver failure
- low blood glucose levels
- a stroke
DIAGNOSIS OF SEIZURES
It might be difficult for a doctor to diagnose the type of seizure and so, for that they recommend lab tests in order to treat them accordingly. The tests may include:
- blood testing to check for electrolyte imbalances
- a spinal tap to rule out infection
- a toxicology screening to test for drugs, poisons, or toxins
Treatment for seizures depends upon the causes and the type of seizure the person is suffering from.The treatment for seizures due to epilepsy include:
- surgery to correct brain abnormalities
- nerve stimulation
- a special diet, known as a ketogenic diet
With regular treatment, you can reduce or stop seizure symptoms.
In many instances, a seizure isn’t preventable. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can give you the best chance at reducing your risk. You can do the following:
- Get plenty of sleep.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Exercise regularly.
- Engage in stress-reducing techniques.
- Avoid taking illegal drugs.
Now that you know about these, so its time to keep yourself aware of such problems. Get an appointment with the best doctor in the city at Radix Healthcare.